A large number of people are on prescribed eye medications, some for temporary reasons while others are life long. One of their challenges is effective administration of eye medications. 

The other day as I saw a patient instil his medication, a gasp escaped my lips at the sheer waste and I had to stride over to instruct and demonstrate.  ​

Even as an ophthalmic nurse, I find it difficult to instil eye medication in my eye. Therefore, it is advisable to have someone instil drop in your eye. Considering the reality of several drops being sacrificed before getting into the eyes. 

– even when it does, it doesn’t guarantee the medications being absorbed by the eye. Thereby, the need to ascertain drops gets to the pouch being made when the lower eyelid is pulled down with a finger. 

– eye medications on the skin can trigger irritation.

– eye medications are quite expensive and every drop counts.

– ineffective application of eye medications can hinder or delay positive prognosis. 

It is imperative to, 

1. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. For individuals who are on hourly instillation and have tio carry their eye medications about, it’s important to carry about a hand sanitizer as water and soap may not be readily available.

– read instructions to know which eye medications to shake before use. 

2. Avoid touching the dropper tip against your eye, palm or anything else – eyedrops and droppers must be kept clean.

3.While tilting your head back, pull down the lower lid of your eye with your index finger to form a pocket.

4. Hold the dropper (tip down, as vertical as possible) with the other hand, as close to the eye as possible (about an inch) without touching it.

5. Brace the remaining fingers of that hand against your face.

6. While looking up, looking away from the dropper, gently squeeze the dropper so that a single drop falls into the pocket made by the lower eyelid. Remove your index finger from the lower eyelid.

7. Close your eye for about 3 minutes and make yourself  comfortable. Try not to blink or squeeze your eyelids. 

8. Place the pad of your index finger at the corner of the eyelid by the nose and press to maximize effectiveness and minimize systemic side effects. 

9. Dab any excess liquid from your face with a tissue.  Please dab, don’t wipe. 

– Please the tissue I’m referring to are those in boxes that are particles and dust free. 

10. If you are to use more than one drop in the same eye, wait at least 5 minutes before instilling the next drop.

11. Replace and tighten the cap on the dropper bottle. Do not wipe or rinse the dropper tip.

11. Wash or sanitize your hands to remove any medication.

Don’t forget to store eye medications in a cool, dry place.